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Blood pressure

CBD for high blood pressure

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CBD for high blood pressure

More than 20 million people in Germany suffer from hypertension, i.e. permanent high blood pressure. Many underestimate the risk of this disease or do not even know that they are affected. Scientists assume that the cannabinoid CBD can lower blood pressure and thus could be used in the future in the treatment against high blood pressure or hypertension.

This is how high blood pressure develops

Our heart is constantly working at full speed. After all, it is the pump that transports our vital blood through our body to all organs. It is therefore the engine that keeps us alive.
When the heart muscle contracts, the blood is pumped into the bloodstream with pressure and supplies the organs. This is the so-called systolic pressure. Conversely, when the heart muscle slackens, the blood flows back to it, which is called diastolic pressure. So there is alternating systolic and diastolic pressure on our heart. This pressure can be measured: 120 (systolic) to 80 (diastolic) or less is the ideal value, while values above 140 to 90, if sustained, are considered high blood pressure or hypertension.

Symptoms and risks

Typical symptoms of high blood pressure are headaches, sleep disturbances, fatigue, dizziness, nervousness, shortness of breath, ringing in the ears, nosebleeds and a reddened face. Sometimes these symptoms are more severe in winter. In addition, patients with hypertension are more susceptible to infectious diseases. If one or more of these symptoms increase, you should definitely have your blood pressure checked by a doctor.
However, there are also very critical warning signs for which a visit to the doctor is essential! Symptoms such as chest tightness, pain in the legs, water retention, poorer vision, and loss of vision in the field of vision can indicate serious damage to major organs such as the heart, coronary arteries, brain, kidneys, or eyes! In the worst case, untreated severe permanent high blood pressure can thus lead to a heart attack or stroke. Preventive examinations by a doctor are therefore essential.

Causes

There are many different causes of high blood pressure. On the one hand, hereditary predisposition can contribute to developing hypertension, but on the other hand, lifestyle can also increase the risk of high blood pressure. In particular, an unhealthy lifestyle with little exercise, excess weight, many salty foods and alcohol, a lot of nicotine and low potassium intake causes high blood pressure. But the risk of hypertension also increases at an older age. High blood pressure is particularly common in women during menopause. And last but not least, psychological factors such as a lot of stress and frequent tension drive up blood pressure.
However, it is also possible that high blood pressure is triggered by another disease. These include obesity, kidney disease, metabolic disorders such as diabetes and hyperthyroidism, vascular diseases, breathing disorders during sleep, hormonal imbalances, and presumably incorrect posture or spinal disorders.
In addition, certain medications such as the birth control pill or drugs such as cocaine or amphetamines can also cause high blood pressure.

Treatment options

Depending on how high the blood pressure is, how likely the patient is to develop secondary or concomitant diseases, and how old the sufferer is, different treatment measures can be taken. However, patients themselves should always try to change their lifestyle and, for example, lose weight if they are overweight and eat a healthy, balanced diet. Regular exercise and abstaining from alcohol and nicotine also help, as does stress reduction through relaxation exercises such as yoga or autogenic training.
In cases of very high hypertension or if lifestyle changes do not alter blood pressure levels, antihypertensive medications such as beta-blockers can be administered. Depending on the patient, the effectiveness and choice of medication varies. Sometimes, sufferers may need more than one medication to lower blood pressure. However, such drugs sometimes lead to more or less unpleasant side effects such as circulatory problems and cold limbs, as well as more frequent freezing, and even reduced sex drive. In the event of severely debilitating side effects, it is imperative to consult the attending physician in order to possibly switch to another medication.
However, if the hypertension is the result of a disease, taking a blood-lowering drug is of little help. Instead, the doctor will treat the causative disease, which usually also lowers the blood pressure levels.

CBD against high blood pressure

Our body's endocannabinoid system (ECS) is part of our nervous system and regulates our sensations of stress and pain, hunger, memory, mood and concentration. Cannabinoids dock with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the ECS and lead to the release or inhibition of certain neurotransmitters. CBD is so similar to our endogenous cannabinoids that it can also interact with our ECS, affecting how we feel physically. Researchers therefore believe that CBD can relieve our feelings of pain and stress, have an anti-inflammatory effect, reduce appetite and relieve anxiety. CBD could therefore have a positive effect on obesity, sleep disorders, pain and other diseases. Scientists also hypothesize that by docking CBD to the ECS, the release of stress hormones may be reduced, thus mitigating a crucial cause of hypertension. CBD could therefore lower blood pressure in many ways.

Experience with CBD against hypertension

Affected people report mostly good experiences with CBD as a remedy for high blood pressure. Scientific studies on test persons come to similarly positive results.

Is there a study on CBD and blood pressure?

A study published in 2015 found that CBD actually dilates blood vessels, allowing blood to flow more easily through them and lowering the pulse, leading to lower blood pressure. This may be due to CBD's anti-inflammatory properties, causing less calcium and fat to build up in the blood vessels, keeping them "clear" for longer.
In addition, there is another study from 2017 where subjects had lower blood pressure due to the administration of CBD. It was also found that CBD caused blood pressure to rise less in stressful situations than without CBD.

FAQ

We answer the most important questions about CBD and blood pressure here.

At what point is blood pressure critical?

Blood pressure above a value of 140 over 90 is referred to as hypertension, i.e. high blood pressure. If this value persists permanently or is even higher, treatment measures should be considered, as permanent high blood pressure can damage the organs.

What is the effect of CBD on blood pressure?

According to one study, CBD lowers blood pressure because it dilates blood vessels, allowing blood to flow through more easily. Furthermore, by docking with our ECS, it could hinder the release of stress hormones and thus block a crucial factor for high blood pressure. Likewise, CBD is said to be able to help with anxiety, which would additionally contribute to less stress. So CBD lowers blood pressure in more ways than one.

When should you not take CBD?

But before you ask yourself which CBD oil or which drops with which dosage you should best use for high blood pressure, you should be aware that CBD is not suitable for everyone. In any case, consult with your doctor before use, as CBD may interact with antihypertensives, blood thinners, or other medications. In addition, CBD is not suitable for low blood pressure or certain diseases such as epilepsy.